JICDRO is a UGC approved journal (Journal no. 63927)
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2010  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 130-135

Glucometer as a chairside device to assess blood glucose in periodontal patients


1 Department of Periodontics, Army College of Dental Sciences, Secunderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India
2 Department of Periodontics, Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Madhav Nagar, Manipal - 576 104, Udupi (dt), Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
G N Bala Raghavendra
Department of Periodontics, Army College of Dental Sciences, Secunderabad, Andhra Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2231-0754.95286

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Background: Diabetes mellitus is a common finding in the medical history of patients receiving treatment for periodontal disease. The incidence of diabetes is on the rise worldwide. Virtually, every dentist and especially the periodontist are likely to encounter an increasing number of undiagnosed diabetic patients. The conventional laboratory methods employed to detect blood glucose are time consuming and require elaborative equipment. The advent of blood glucose monitors allows the clinician to assess blood glucose at the chair side. Materials and Methods: The use of gingival capillary blood as a marker for blood glucose estimation using glucometer against the conventional laboratory method has been assessed in 60 diabetics and 70 controls. Results: The correlation between gingival and finger-stick blood was r = 0.996, P<0.001 in diabetics and controls. Correlation between gingival and laboratory method was r = 0.994, P<0.001 in cases and controls. Conclusion: The results suggest that capillary blood from the outer surface of gingiva provide an acceptable source for measuring blood glucose.


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