INVITED REVIEW
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 11-17

Aggressive periodontitis: A review


1 Department of Periodontics, Sri Rajiv Gandhi College of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Cholanagar, Bangalore, India
2 Department of Periodontics, Mathikeri Sampige Ramaiah College of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Affiliated to Rajiv Gandhi Health University, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Vaibhavi Joshipura
Department of Periodontics, Sri Rajiv Gandhi College of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Affiliated to Rajiv Gandhi Health University, Cholanagar, R T Nagar post, Bangalore - 560 032
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2231-0754.153489

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The purpose of this review is to highlight the current etiological and therapeutic concepts of aggressive periodontitis which is rapidly progressing and aggressive in nature. It leads to destruction of periodontal tissues and loss of teeth. We need advanced diagnostic techniques to learn about current disease activity and rate of progression. We also require strategies to keep the disease under control with proper maintenance regime and prevent tooth loss, because it can result into complicated prosthetic rehabilitation in a very young patient. The evidence suggests that aggressive periodontitis is influenced by microbiological, genetic, and host factors. This paper reviews clinical, microbiological, immunological, and genetic aspects of pathogenesis of aggressive periodontitis, as well as diagnostic criteria of the disease and appropriate nonsurgical and surgical treatment options.


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