|Year : 2017 | Volume
| Issue : 2 | Page : 51
Editor-in-Chief, Journal of International Clinical Dental Research Organization, Department of Orthodontics, Dr. D. Y. Patil Dental College and Hospital, Dr. D.Y. Patil Vidyapeeth, Pune, Maharashtra, India
|Date of Web Publication||21-Dec-2017|
Dr. Sonali Deshmukh
Editor-in-Chief, Journal of International Clinical Dental Research Organization, Department of Orthodontics, Dr. D. Y. Patil Dental College and Hospital, Dr. D.Y. Patil Vidyapeeth, Pune, Maharashtra
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
|How to cite this article:|
Deshmukh S. Scientific Osmosis. J Int Clin Dent Res Organ 2017;9:51
Osmosis by definition means a gradual, often unconscious process of assimilation or absorption.
Scientific osmosis is thus an unconscious process of assimilation and absorption of scientific knowledge of your chosen field. Scientific publications and literature attempt to dissipate this knowledge in scientific peer-reviewed journals or online journals with varied degrees of indexing and criteria. When we go through various journals, we see or come across lots of publication bias. By definition it means the tendency on the part of investigator to submit, or the reviewers and editors, to accept manuscripts based on the direction or strength of the study findings.
Better and broader definition of publication bias is that it is any influence that reduces the amount of good science appearing in the literature. The whole concept of scientific osmosis gets nullified with such publication bias. Thus, the main question is what are the factors in publication bias? It could be because of unpublished research that may be very well conducted but does not come in scientific literature and thus cannot be reviewed systematically. And that is the precise reason why systematic reviews are often inconclusive. Another factor is the time at which it gets published or researched. The time of research and the lag phase between its research and publication could be a deterrent for its getting published. At times, due to the long queues or waiting period for publishing in prominent journals, certain research/study gets obsolete at the time of publishing.
Another important issue in publication bias is a research/study with negative results. More often, a study with negative findings is rejected at editorial or peer-review level. This brings about lots of pressure on researchers to produce or to show positive findings and very often may have pressures from sponsors, institutes, and peers.
Thus, to reduce the bias, importance should be given to study design, sampling technique, sample size, meticulous methodology, and recent relevance in that subject instead of focusing on the final result, positive or negative.
“Scientific research involves going beyond the well-trodden path and well-tested ideas and theories that form the core of scientific knowledge. During the time scientists are working things out, some results will be right, and others will be wrong. Over time, the right result will emerge”.
| References|| |
Dickersin K. The existence of publication bias and risk factors for its occurrence. JAMA 1990;263:1385-9.
Chalmers TC, Frank CS, Reitman D. Minimizing the three stages of publication bias. JAMA 1990;263:1392-5.