ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 23-26

The prevalence of tooth wear and its associated risk factors in Indian South West coastal population: An epidemiological study


Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, A B Shetty Memorial Institute of Dental Sciences, Mangalore, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Manjiri N Honap
Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, A B Shetty Memorial Institute of Dental Sciences, Deralakatte, Mangalore - 575 018, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jicdro.jicdro_22_17

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Background: The aim of the study was to estimate the prevalence of tooth wear in South West Coastal population of India and to investigate the risk factors associated with it. Materials and Methods: This study was conducted in the Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, A. B. Shetty Memorial Institute of Dental Sciences, Mangalore, and the rural satellite centers during June 2016–August 2016. A total of 1000 patients were evaluated for the presence of attrition, abrasion, erosion, and abfraction followed by the questionnaire to evaluate risk factors associated with it. The data were statistically analyzed using SPSS version 22.0 software. Statistical analysis was carried out by applying Chi-square test for linear trend. Results: Total prevalence of tooth wear in the study population was 40.6% of which attrition (29%), abrasion (23.7%), erosion (4.6%), and abfraction (6.3%) were observed. The tooth wear was more prevalent in the age group of 40–60 years. Males and urban population showed higher tooth wear compared to females and rural population, respectively. Erosion lesions were higher in people consuming alcohol and soft drinks and with the gastric regurgitation compared to their counterparts. Attrition lesions were significantly higher among tobacco chewers and in patients with parafunctional habits such as bruxism compared to their counterparts. Conclusions: This study throws a light on the prevalence of tooth wear in South West Coastal population of India, and its associated risks, which can be utilized for patient education and increasing the awareness regarding tooth wear as timely intervention is vital for arresting irreversible disease process and the well-being of the patient.


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