JICDRO is a UGC approved journal (Journal no. 63927)
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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 3-9

Role of smoking and its impact on periodontium


1 Department of Dentistry (Periodontology), Maharaja Suhel Dev Medical College and Mahrshi Balark Hospital, Bahraich, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Pathology, Maharaja Suhel Dev Medical College and Mahrshi Balark Hospital, Bahraich, Uttar Pradesh, India
3 Department of Dentistry, Government Medical College, Saharanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India
4 Department of Periodontology, MGM Dental College, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
5 Intern MGM Dental College, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Anshul Sawhney
Assistant Professor, Department of Dentistry (Periodontology), Maharaja Suhel Dev Medical College and Mahrshi Balark Hospital, Bahraich, Uttar Pradesh -271 801
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jicdro.jicdro_28_20

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Smoking is a major risk factor for increasing the prevalence and severity of periodontal destruction. Multiple cross-sectional and longitudinal studies have demonstrated that pocket depth, attachment loss, and alveolar bone loss are more prevalent and severe in patients who smoke as compared with nonsmokers. Smoking exerts a major effect on the protective elements of the immune response, resulting in an increase in the extent and severity of periodontal destruction. Several tobacco intervention approaches can be useful in helping the patient deal with the nicotine withdrawal symptoms and psychological factors associated with smoking cessation. In addition, pharmacotherapeutic treatments such as nicotine replacement therapy and sustained bupropion administration have proved effective.


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